The Afro-Jamaican: Marcus Mosiah Garvey


The South African: Nelson Mandela

Africa leads the world in the following indicators:

Fertility: Africa is still the Motherland

Sub-Saharan African countries top the list of countries and territories by fertility rate with 40 of the highest 50, all with total fertility rates greater than 4 [per woman] in the year 2008. All are above the world average except South Africa. More than 40% of the population in sub-Saharan countries is younger than 15 years old, as well as in Sudan, with the exception of South Africa.

Population size fluctuates at differing rates in differing regions. Nonetheless, population growth is the long-standing trend on all inhabited continents, as well as in most individual states. According to the United Nations, population growth on Earth’s inhabited continents between 2000 to 2005 totalled:

228 million in Asia;

92 million in Africa;

38 million in Latin America;

16 million in Northern America;

−3.3 million in Europe;

2.0 million in Oceania;

Africa had growth in population eclipsed only by Asia while Europe had negative growth. With a fertility rate continent wide according to the UN being between 3-6 children per woman Africa is still the Motherland. 


Map showing the birth rates per woman around the world.

Mineral Wealth: All is not as it appears but we’ve still got the goods 

The mineral industry of Africa is the largest single mineral industry in the world; but are we as well endowed as we think we are?  Bright Simons, a Social Entrepreneur and Public Interest Researcher and Fellow at IMANI, a think tank in Ghana thinks not. He highlighted the following points:

1)      Africa as a continent has a low mineral reserve per capita; he says “Africa’s relative resource-poverty is a fact that jumps up at even the casual observer cursorily browsing through geological survey data.”

2)      Africa intensively explores for mineral wealth, this is borne out by the per capita exploration dollar which Africa attracts. Simons says, “Fifteen percent of all global exploration capital is taken by Africa, higher than its per capita entitlement. It cannot therefore be true that the search for minerals in Africa, dating from colonial times, when colonial powers highlighted this resource and marginalized most others, has been patchy.”

3)      In business it is always best to rely on primary data instead of “stock wisdom”. Simons says “Be careful though how much store you place on stock wisdom about Africa packaged as authoritative.”

Further reading

African Arguments 
African Resources 

The power of youth: Being young can change the world


Africa’s youth population is growing rapidly. A school in Bamako, Mali, newly rehabilitated by UN engineers. Photo credit: UN Photo/Marco Dormino.

The population of young people is growing rapidly in Africa, even as numbers of young people are projected to decline in most other parts of the world, according to the recent UN Secretary-General’s report on world demographic trends. Over 30% of the Sub-Saharan African population is between the ages of 10-24. This will remain so for the next twenty years. These facts, coupled with declining fertility rates worldwide, mean Africa has the opportunity to benefit from a demographic dividend – a potential economic boom that occurs when falling fertility rates coincide with a growing working-age population.

As a young person myself [25 years old at writing] I understand that while the vitality of my mind and body can have a real impact on the world, other tools are necessary too. We the youth of Africa and its Diaspora need targeted education in international official shortage areas and local growth areas up to an internationally accredited tertiary level. I have identified four tools which are critical to the launching of the youth into society which we need to work on. They are:

1)      A stable home life

2)      Food and other resources such as electricity and clean water

3)      Access to regionally and internationally useful education and opportunities

4)      Access to finance

I believe that if we nurture, teach and enable the youth of our countries we will realize economic growth exponentially.

Further Reading

Harnessing the potential of Africa’s youth 

The African economic boom: New friends new terms 

Africa has had gross domestic product growth rates averaging about 5 per cent annually over the past decade. Even this year (2015), as markets elsewhere collapse, the continent’s income is projected to increase by around 4.5 percent.

Africa will maintain its speed according to the International Monetary Fund. Its forecasts also show that seven of the world’s 10 fastest-growing economies will be African, with Ethiopia, Mozambique, Tanzania, Congo, Ghana, Zambia and Nigeria expected to expand by more than 6 per cent a year [until 2015].

According to the IMF, “Economic activity in sub-Saharan Africa has continued to grow robustly—on the back of supportive external demand conditions and strong growth in public and private investment—and the outlook is expected to remain favourable for the lion’s share of the region’s countries.”

Caribbean East Atlantic Company Limited believes that China’s policy of non-interference and negotiation as equals for a “win-win” makes it an ideal alternative to the west in the mid to long term.  


Flag of the African Union


Flag of The People’s Republic of China

Food potential: Africa will one day feed the world

Africa has over 25% of the total available arable land of the world. Africa currently only produces 10% of world output. Using China as a benchmark, 6% of the world’s arable land which China has, can feed 1.6 billion people.  Therefore it is no stretch to say that Africa could feasibly feed 6.66 billion people. By 2050 the world population could be 9 Billion but with proper governance and foresight Africa could become food secure and hold the capacity to feed two thirds of humanity. 

Caribbean East Atlantic Company Limited believes that agricultural development in Africa will require a steady stream of finance, infrastructure and technology and professional farmers who have been trained to a tertiary level about farming in the 21st century in specific African climates. African and international government partnerships, partner agencies and businesses and the African Diaspora will need to take the lead in effecting an African Green Revolution.

Further reading

Africa’s path to growth 


If you are of African descent living anywhere in the world from North America to Europe, South America to Asia or on the continent itself you will notice over the next twenty years that you grow prouder of your origins and what it means to be African. You might even be inspired by the rise of your brothers to take part in their rise whether remotely or by coming home. I’m on my way home; because I believe that the Motherland needs the benefits of our [the Diaspora’s] spiritual journey as much as we need its strength through continuity. No doubt there will be more spoils to go around due to our purposeful application of African principles of resource distribution and this will make being African fun for Africans. On the cultural side in the Diaspora, do not allow yourself to be belittled because of your origins. Bear in mind that you have a spiritual home which will accept you if you vote for it with your feet or resources. The next twenty years will be a great time to be African as the continent proves that though the strong may fall, they never yield. My name is Peter Campbell and I am writing from my company’s outpost here in the United Kingdom; reminding you that if you seek the truth you will find it.