Born: 17 August 1887 (In St. Ann’s Bay, Jamaica)
Died: 10 June 1940 (In London, United Kingdom)
Marcus Garvey was one of the first Black leaders to articulate the need to leave the Caribbean and return to our true homeland. Our politicians gave credence to that view by designing our independence as the first step towards freeing the masses from the land to which they had been bound. We have learnt that to become free we must first build the land on which we stand. We’ve learnt that freedom is much harder than slavery. Slavery was a life of ease, the life of children. Freedom is the life of adults, a life of thinking and acting on one’s own; succeeding and failing with only ourselves to blame.
I believe that Marcus Garvey had every right to see Africa as his rightful home. But there are others among us whose racial heritage springs from many varied streams. My doctrine includes Garvey’s as well as all other races on our islands in the Caribbean. I believe that what Garvey was doing was looking outwards and seeing a wider world which was ripe with opportunity. Africa was simply the one place that he could fairly lay claim to.
I believe that as a European creation which brought together peoples from around the world the Caribbean can lay claim to most of the world. Whether you want to go back to China, India, Africa, South America, Europe, wherever, you are simply looking to the wider world and the possibilities out there beyond your little patch.
My doctrine is “Back to Britain First.” I want to journey the entire world but I understand that our first stop has to be the stop where we collect our resources. That stop has to be at the Empire’s heart, Britain. There are other empires, but Britain happens to be mine. I believe that whether your original home is China, India or Africa you have to stop in Europe first.
The C.E.A.C. will one day assist people from the Caribbean and other parts of the world to establish a base of operation in whichever continent they feel should be their rightful home. This is true globalization. Not just the free movement of the capital of the rich but the free movement of the people of the poor. I believe that if we are truly free to go wherever we want then we will be free to become rich and prosperous and to pass on that prosperity to our own.
My name is Peter Campbell, Managing Director of the Caribbean East Atlantic Company writing to you from East London, United Kingdom.
African Fundamentalism. By: Marcus Garvey